Palladio's Book IV: Four and a Half Centuries of Inspiration - Review Questions
As you watch the video, you can browse by subject using the course outline and timestamps below. As you progress through the units, you can use the below optional (ungraded) questions to help assess your understanding of the material. Please note that these are not the summative assessment questions to be answered at the end of the course. You will also need to complete the summative assessment in order to earn course credit.
0:00: Introduction and Impact
Review: Which of the following is NOT an impact of Book IV of the Quattro Libri?
1. Palladio's drawings were an important motivation for the continuation of the classical tradition in architecture.
Incorrect. Palladio’s Quattro Libri did indeed have a monumental impact on the continuation of the classical tradition, as his published drawings gave many people their first credible vision of the grandeur and beauty of ancient Roman architecture.
2. Palladio's drawings are an important documentation of several ruins that were subsequently destroyed.
Incorrect. Palladio’s drawings did indeed capture images of some ruins that have subsequently been destroyed, making them a valuable resource for research even today.
3. Palladio's drawings are an important reference today because of their absolute precision and accuracy.
Correct! Palladio’s drawings were not, in fact, always completely precise. As we will learn later in the course, there are sometimes discrepancies between his details and reality. Nonetheless, his drawings remain an important source of inspiration into the present day.
9:30: Temples in Book IV, Use as Precedents
Review: Which of the following is true of Thomas Jefferson?
1. His interest in Roman architecture stemmed primarily from extensive travel to Rome.
Incorrect. In fact, Jefferson never visited Rome – his knowledge of Roman architecture was drawn heavily from Palladio’s Quattro Libri, including many references drawn from Book IV.
2. He was heavily inspired not by the original woodcut prints of the Quattro Libri, but the copper-plate engravings in Giacomo Leoni’s edition of the work.
Correct! Giacomo Leoni’s English-language edition of the Quattro Libri was released in 1715 and featured high-quality copper-plate engravings. Jefferson acquired this edition in 1769, and it became a primary reference and source of inspiration for his work.
3. His decision to place the Virginia Capitol on a high hill was one unusual area of departure from Palladian principles
Incorrect. Jefferson’s decision may have been directly influenced by Palladio’s own words on the placement of temples; words that are reflected in the placement of a great deal of civic architecture in the United States.
40:55: Details in Book IV, Use as Precedents
Review: Which of the following is NOT an example of an influential design detail included by Palladio in Quattro Libri Book IV?
1. Capitals decorated with griffins
Correct! While there were no capitals with griffins in Palladio’s Book IV, he did include an unusual capital decorated with pegasi found at the Temple of Mars Ultor. This particular motif is not commonly used today.
2. The Vitruvian wave
Incorrect. Palladio did include the Vitruvian wave in Book IV, and the detail was included in James Gibbs’s A Book of Architecture and became a common fixture of many 18th-century Anglo-Palladian buildings.
Incorrect. Palladio did include consoles in his depiction of the Temple of Portunus, which proved influential; consoles appear in 18th century pattern-books as well as many of the works of American Renaissance architects.
54:20: Desgodetz & Conclusions
Review: Which of the following is true of Desgodetz?
1. He was the apprentice of Palladio.
Incorrect. Desgodetz was a French architect whose work was completed about a century after Palladio’s.
2. The accuracy of Desgodetz’s plates of classical details was aided by assistants helping him with measuring.
Incorrect. Desgodetz stated that he undertook all the measuring by himself to ensure accuracy.
3. His work is a refinement of Palladio’s work, and is considered important but not as much of a pioneering effort.
Correct! Desgodetz’s work is an important reference, and remains so even today for those wishing for accuracy in specific Roman details. However, his work has certainly not overshadowed Palladio’s influence.